Production of principal field crops
By Statistics Canada -The Daily
Despite the ongoing bad news reports of the economic crisis, field crops in various parts of the country posted record or near-record levels for 2008, including field peas and canola, according to figures from Statistics Canada.
December 4, 2008
The final crop report for 2008 revealed that Prairie farmers harvested a record 12.5 million tonnes of canola and a record 3.6 million tonnes of dry field peas. In Eastern Canada, soybean production rose considerably with a record 600,000 tonnes of soybeans harvested in Quebec.
Growing and harvest conditions are always variable across Western Canada, but reports indicate that the fall harvest was slightly ahead of time and crop quality was above average. Cool and wet conditions held back the harvest in early fall, but little frost damage and improved conditions allowed progress to end up slightly ahead of normal. Year-end crop yields were mainly up from interim estimates with highest ever yields recorded for spring wheat, barley, canola and oats.
Canola production easily a record
Prairie canola production rose to 12.5 million tonnes, up 32.8 percent from 2007. The previous record for canola was 9.4 million tonnes grown in 2007. The production increase was the result of record yields and harvested areas.
On the Prairies, where 99 percent of canola is grown, farmers reported record production in each province. Harvested area was a record in all three provinces, and record yields were reported in Manitoba and Saskatchewan.
Dry field peas a record
Prairie farmers harvested a record amount of field peas. The production of field peas reached 3.6 million tonnes, up 21.7 percent from 2.9 million tonnes in 2007. Robust yield and record harvest area combined to produce this record.
Production rose in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta. Production in Saskatchewan was a record 2.7 million tonnes, and production in Alberta was a record 731,400 tonnes.
More soybeans in the East
Total soybean production rose 23.7 percent to 3.3 million tonnes, just short of the record 3.5 million tonnes set in 2006. Production increased in both Quebec and Ontario where more than 90 percent of soybeans are grown.
Production in Quebec rose 27.1 percent to a record 600,000 tonnes, well above the previous high of 535,000 tonnes set in 2006. The production increase was the result of a rise in harvested area to a record 565,900 acres, up 30.5 percent from 2007.
Soybean production in Ontario rose by 476,300 tonnes to 2.5 million tonnes, up 23.8 percent from 2007, the result of a 10.4 bushel per acre increase in yield to a near record 43.4 bushels per acre.
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