The Alberta Wheat Commission (AWC) annouced more than $2.6 million in funding for 22 cutting edge wheat research projects aimed at improved farm profitability through variety development, pathology, agronomy and pre-breeding.
Published in Corporate News
Canada and China pledged to double agricultural trade by 2025 at the Economic and Financial Strategic Dialogue in Beijing on Nov. 12, co-chaired by Canadian Minister of Finance Bill Morneau and Minister of International Trade Diversification Jim Carr.
Published in Imports/Exports
Several types of plant compounds, such as flavonoids and isoflavonoids, are known to discourage insects from feeding on plants. What are the types and amounts of these compounds in Ontario soybean cultivars?
Published in Insect Pests
An Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada researcher has identified a gene that will be key in breeding new soybean cultivars with resistance to Phytophthora sojae, which annually causes up to $50 million in losses in Canada and between $1 billion and $2 billion in losses globally.
Cultivar resistance is considered the most effective and practical approach for clubroot management on canola. However, almost all of the current cultivars were based on a single clubroot resistance (CR) gene, which can be eroded when the pathogen Plasmodiophora brassicae changes in virulence.
Published in Canola
Being the only flax breeder in Western Canada puts the onus on Helen Booker to target traits that are of keen interest to flax growers, processors and users. Her program is working on a wide range of advances – from stronger disease resistance, greater adaptation to northern conditions, and increased yields, to larger seeds, yellow seed coats and higher alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) levels in the oil.
Clubroot continues to be a disease risk to canola crops across Alberta, with more than 2,700 clubroot-infested fields now confirmed, along with a few isolated cases in Saskatchewan and Manitoba. Although good clubroot resistant (CR) varieties have been available for about 10 years, there are an increasing number of fields in Alberta where new strains of the pathogen Plasmodiophora brassicae have overcome the resistance.
Published in Diseases
Increasingly, research is showing that canola root-associated microbiomes can impact crop growth and nutrient uptake. Some of the soil micro-organisms are beneficial to plants that protect them against pathogens, mitigate the impact of abiotic stress, improve plant nutrition or stimulate plant growth by phytohormones.
The fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, which causes stem rot, is a major economic disease in canola that impacts the crop across all of Canada’s growing regions.
Published in Diseases
Winter wheat has major environmental benefits. It helps reduce wind and water based soil erosion, out competes many weeds, and generally conserves energy because of the fewer field operations.
A comparison of heirloom and modern dry bean varieties is revealing that some heirloom varieties could be good candidates for breeding dry beans with greater nitrogen-fixing capacity.
Published in Agronomy
Since the early 1990s, blackleg resistant canola varieties have been available in Western Canada, and have helped to prevent yield losses caused by the main races of the pathogen, Leptosphaeria maculans. But the disease is on the rise due to a shift in the races of the pathogen that has resulted in the loss of resistance in some canola varieties in some fields.
Published in Canola
In Western Canada, wheat is the largest acreage cereal crop, however increasingly variable climate conditions and stresses such as drought can affect plant development, yield and profitability for growers. Researchers and plant breeders are looking for new tools and strategies to advance high yielding, more drought tolerant varieties of high quality wheat for growers.
Since the early 1970s, canaryseed has become established as an alternative cereal crop for Saskatchewan farmers. The province produces approximately 90 per cent of the canaryseed grown in Canada and about 65 per cent of the global supply of the crop, which is used to feed wild and caged birds the world over. Now, canaryseed was recently approved for human food use in Canada and the U.S., offering the potential for new opportunities for Saskatchewan producers.
For bread lovers, there is nothing quite as delightful as a mouthful of soft, fresh bread – and nothing quite as disappointing as hard, stale bread. Now a new stay-fresh wheat line developed in Saskatchewan offers several extra days of that wonderful fresh-baked quality.
Published in Genetics/Traits
Wheat breeding has a long history in Canada, beginning in the late 1800s when researchers began looking at spring wheat varieties for Western Canada. The need at that time, in that region, was for an earlier maturing variety of wheat.
A major research project called SoyaGen is tapping into the power of genomics to really boost Canadian soybean breeding advances.
Fusarium head blight (FHB) is a serious disease affecting yield and quality of wheat and other important cereal crops across Canada. Breeding for resistance continues to be a key strategy in the fight against FHB, and research scientists like George Fedak are helping to lead the way.
The pool of genetic diversity in a domesticated crop like barley is much shallower than in the crop’s wild relatives. So researchers sometimes bring individual genes from a wild cousin into the crop to add crucial traits. But plant breeder Duane Falk is tackling the problem from the opposite direction: he is re-domesticating wild barley lines.
CropSmart Fri Jan 18, 2019 @ 8:50am - 05:00pm
FarmSmartSat Jan 19, 2019 @ 9:00am - 05:00pm
Manitoba Ag DaysTue Jan 22, 2019 @ 9:00am - 05:00pm
Ag Women MB - Ag Days Breakfast & PanelWed Jan 23, 2019 @ 7:30am - 09:00am
Women in Grains Business WorkshopThu Jan 24, 2019 @ 9:00am - 03:00pm