By Bruce Barker
Public and private plant breeders continue to bring new cereal varieties to market, with improved yield, disease resistance and agronomic performance. Obtainable in commercial quantities for the 2015 planting season, 17 new varieties are available throughout the different cereal classes.
Canadian Western Red Spring
AAC Brandon is an awned, semi-dwarf CWRS variety. Compared to AC Carberry, it has five per cent higher grain yield, 0.5 days earlier maturity, is one cm shorter, and has similar lodging, tolerance and disease resistance. AAC Brandon is well-adapted across Western Canada but will be especially attractive to wheat producers in the high yielding areas of the Prairies who desire a short, strong strawed variety with good Fusarium head blight (FHB) resistance. Available from SeCan.
AAC Elie is an awned, semi-dwarf red spring variety that will work well for growers looking for excellent yields, good disease resistance and consistent performance across the Prairies. AAC Elie has short, strong straw, and is later maturing but similar to Carberry. In three years of Western Bread Wheat Cooperative tests across Western Canada from 2009-2011, AAC Elie yielded 4.6 per cent more than the average of the checks. In these tests, AAC Elie averaged almost four per cent more than Carberry and had an average grain protein of 14 per cent. AAC Elie has an intermediate reaction to loose smut, common bunt and leaf spots. AAC Elie is resistant to known races of stem and leaf rust. Available through Alliance Seed retailers including Parrish & Heimbecker, Paterson Grain and Alliance seed retailers.
AAC Redwater is an awned, early maturing CWRS with good lodging tolerance and disease resistance. AAC Redwater is well adapted across Western Canada, but will be especially attractive to wheat producers in the shorter-season areas of the Prairies who desire a short, strong-strawed variety with fair/intermediate FHB resistance. AAC Redwater is expected to have excellent grade retention based on its parentage of AC Intrepid/Harvest/McKenzie. Available from SeCan.
CDC Plentiful is a very early maturing, hard red spring wheat. It has excellent resistance to FHB and a very good rating for resistance to lodging. CDC Plentiful is resistant to leaf rust, stem rust and stripe rust. It yields 110 per cent of AC Barrie. CDC Plentiful will be very popular in all areas due to the complete package of yield and disease resistance it delivers. Available from FP Genetics.
Canadian Prairie Spring Red
AAC Ryley is an awned, early maturing CPSR wheat with high yield potential, improved protein and good disease resistance. AAC Ryley should be an excellent replacement for AC Crystal. It is well adapted and will be especially attractive to wheat producers in the shorter season areas of the Prairies. Available from SeCan.
Enchant VB is a hard red spring wheat that yields 117 per cent of AC Barrie. It has very good resistance to leaf rust, stem rust and bunt. It brings resistance to the orange wheat blossom midge, which saves time, reduces cost and increases returns for the grower. Available from FP Genetics.
AAC Current is a Canada Western Amber Durum (CWAD) with excellent yield potential, especially in the traditional durum growing areas of Zones 1 and 2. In three years of durum co-operative tests, AAC Current yielded an average of two per cent more than Strongfield in the main durum growing area (Zone 2). AAC Current has good straw strength and is slightly taller than checks with similar maturity to Strongfield. The test weight of AAC Current was significantly higher than all the checks in the durum co-op trials. It is rated resistant to leaf and stem rust. Available through Alliance Seed retailers including Parrish & Heimbecker, Paterson Grain and Alliance seed retailers.
AAC Raymore is one of Canada’s first durum varieties with a very solid stem, which provides excellent sawfly resistance. Agronomically, AAC Raymore is very similar to AC Strongfield, with comparable height, lodging, yield, disease tolerance and quality characteristics. Available from SeCan.
CDC Fortitude offers improved yields over Strongfield, and introduces a high level of solid stemness in the durum class, minimizing the risk of grade and quality loss resulting from wheat stem sawfly. With improved lodging over Strongfield, and moderately resistant rating for FHB, CDC Fortitude is an excellent option for durum acres. Available through Proven Seed at CPS retail locations.
AAC Gateway is a new Canadian Western Red Winter (CWRW) wheat variety bred by Rob Graf in Lethbridge, Alta., with top yields and protein, and an excellent disease package. AAC Gateway has best-in-class lodging resistance with very short, strong and uniform straw. AAC Gateway is well adapted throughout Western Canada and will be available for the fall of 2015 from select Seed Depot dealers and Seed Net in Alberta.
Pintail is a new Canadian Western General Purpose (CWGP) wheat developed at the Field Crop Development Centre in Lacombe, Alta. It is a very high yielding (107 per cent of Radiant) feed wheat with excellent winter hardiness, as well as good lodging and stripe rust resistance. Seed is now available in commercial quantities through Mastin Seeds retailers.
Two-row malt barley
AAC Synergy two-row malting barley yields 113 per cent of AC Metcalfe and 107 per cent of CDC Copeland. The variety matures similar to AC Metcalfe and produces heavy, plump kernels and short, strong straw with good resistance to lodging. The widely adapted variety offers high yield potential, good foliar disease resistance and excellent malting quality. AAC Synergy is currently under market development by Syngenta Canada and is available through Richardson and Cargill.
Amisk is a six-row feed barley with a semi-smooth awn. It has grain yield similar to Vivar six-row feed barley with 15 per cent higher plump kernels than Vivar. It has very good lodging resistance. Maturity is rated as medium. Available from SeCan.
Brahma is a new, two-row feed barley that offers growers the top yield performance they have come to expect from Proven Seed and CPS, while providing improvements to disease resistance and harvest efficiency. Available through Proven Seed at CPS retail locations.
CDC Maverick is a two-row, feed and forage barley with a smooth awn for improved palatability and is considered a good replacement for CDC Cowboy. It is a tall plant with top forage and silage yields, with a 16 per cent higher forage yield than AC Ranger. It is well suited for dry areas or low input production. It is moderately resistant to FHB and has a medium maturity similar to AC Metcalf. Available from SeCan.
CDC Haymaker forage oat is a good replacement for CDC Baler forage oat with a seven per cent higher yield than CDC Baler. CDC Haymaker has a tall stature, later maturity and large, plump kernels. It has good forage quality and improved digestibility. Available from SeCan.
CS Camden is a white milling oat that has been selected through Canterra Seeds’ research and product development program. This oat is from the same breeding program as Triactor and has very high yields and a shorter stature with better lodging resistance. It also displays improved quality attributes with higher per cent plumps and higher beta-glucan. CS Camden is under evaluation with millers. Look for CS Camden at a Canterra Seeds retailer near you.
Brasetto is the first viable hybrid cereal to be introduced to Western Canada. It features very high yield, approximately 20 to 25 per cent better than current varieties. Brasetto is shorter, and its greater uniformity in maturity will mean straight cutting is possible. It also has better winter hardiness than other winter crops. Brasetto exhibits a significantly higher falling number than existing varieties, making it even more valuable for baking and distilling. Available from FP Genetics.