Tillage
The harvest of 2016 left many fields deeply rutted from combines and grain carts running over wet land. Many farmers had little choice but to till those direct-seeded fields in an attempt to fill in the ruts and smooth out the ground. But where it was once heresy to till…
A research project in southwestern Ontario exploring the benefits of strip tilling is showing promising results in better managing fertilizer and improving crop yields by ensuring the fertilizer stays where it is most needed – with the plant.
Jeff Schoenau, a soil scientist with the University of Saskatchewan was involved in a research study conducted in the mid-2000s that compared four tillage treatments that were imposed on no-till fields (longer than 10 years) at Rosthern (Black soil), Tisdale (Gray soil) and Central Butte (Brown soil), Sask.
All agronomy recommendations are generalized. They can be specific to a region, but every farm is different,” says Chad Anderson, Ontario Soil and Crop Improvement Association (OSCIA) director for the St. Clair Region. “I have a lot of livestock and use a lot of manure, so my [nitrogen] rates are…
"A lot of Manitoba soybean growers are using tillage to try to extend their growing season by warming up and drying out their soils earlier in the spring. They want to be able to plant earlier so their soybeans will have a good chance of maturing before a fall frost…
Nesson Valley has been hosting an eight-year study that involves different cropping systems and tillage practices directed by Bart Stevens, a research agronomist in irrigated cropping systems stationed with the Sidney USDA-ARS unit. “Research has shown there is a five to 10-year transition period, during which the soil ecosystem adjusts…
Does no-till increase the concentration of phosphorus in tile drainage water? That’s the question researchers set out to answer with plots on three farms in southern Ontario.Despite efforts to reduce phosphorus levels in freshwater lakes in North America, phosphorus loads to lakes such as Lake Erie are still increasing, resulting…
Growing corn in Ontario comes with a special set of challenges. Most Ontario growers rely on conventional tillage to ensure timely planting in the spring, but the practice has left fields increasingly vulnerable to erosion.Ben Rosser, the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA) corn industry program lead,…
Is vertical tillage a good choice for managing your corn residues? A Manitoba project is generating new information that will help growers decide which corn residue management technologies and practices would be best for their own farm.Yvonne Lawley, a professor of agronomy and cropping systems at the University of Manitoba,…
Data collected during long-term research trials at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s Elora and Ridgetown research facilities continues to provide researchers with invaluable information about the complexities of crop rotations and their impact on crops. The long-term trials, conducted between 1982 and 2012, focused on increasing the efficiency of production and…
May 16, 2016 - Seeding in Manitoba is estimated at 61 per cent complete, with cooler temperatures and precipitation in the form of snow and rain slowing progress over the past week. Temperatures below 0 C were recorded throughout the weekend. Frost injury symptoms are evident on emerged crops such…
May 3, 2016 - Alberta producers enter the 2016 crop production season with many of the same questions and concerns as last year and maybe more so. According to the province's first crop report of the season, precipitation last fall provided some soil moisture replenishment following the dry conditions of…
This past year, Ontario saw a huge swing away from no-till to conventional or minimal tillage, according to Horst Bohner, soybean specialist for Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA). The problem? Maize residues are impacting soybean yields in the following year – or so producers believe. In…
May 2, 2016 - Favourable weather and field conditions have allowed seeding operations to get underway in many areas of Manitoba. According to the first crop report of the season, provincially it is estimated 10 per cent of the 2016 crop has been seeded. Most seeding progress is reported in…
Soil, air, water, and wildlife that share the land with agricultural production are all impacted by soil management. National Soil Conservation Week, which runs from April 17 to 23, is focusing on the importance of proper land stewardship for the benefit of all resources - especially soil - under our…
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